Community Infrastructure

Construction of social infrastructure is a very important part of Base Titanium’s community programmes.

These projects are identified through:

  • commitments set out in the Special Mining Lease; and
  • a collaborative process of evaluating needs of the communities and cross-referencing the County Integrated Development Plan prepared by the Kwale County Government to guide development activities within the county.

Commitments under the mining lease, including 2 schools, a dispensary, a social hall and 2 boreholes at the Mrima Bwiti Host Resettlement Site and 2 schools, a borehole and health centre at Magaoni have been completed. Since the area has several existing health facilities, in agreement with county health authorities, community consultation committees and the Commissioner of Mines, a four-wheel drive ambulance was provided to Msambweni Referral Hospital as an alternative to a dispensary.

Furthermore, we continue to participate in a number of additional projects, working closely with:

  • the Constituency Development Fund in expanding primary and secondary schools in Msambweni and Matuga sub-counties;
  • the Kwale County Government to assist with construction of Early Childhood Development centres, agricultural training facilities, health facilities and water infrastructure; and
  • other work includes refurbishment of existing schools in Kwale and Mombasa counties to create a better learning environment and upgrading work to improve service delivery at the Kenya Medical Training College at Msambweni.

The geographical spread of our social infrastructure projects is shown in the map below. We have already touched many parts of Kwale County, including the project host resettlement site as well as the Likoni area in Mombasa County. Recent activity has also extended our reach to Kinango Sub-County in Kwale.

For details of the infrastructure projects, explore the interactive map below.

Map of the project area showing points of interest.
Special Mining Lease Port Facility Host Resettlement Site Kwale County Mombasa County Kwale County Waa Bwiti Mrima Kiruku Ramisi Kikoneni Msambweni Gazi Vumbu Mivumoni Kibwaga Fihoni Magaoni Mwaloya Mwapala Majimboni Ukunda Kombani Matuga Kwale Shika Adabu Likoni Kinango Shimba Hills Indian Ocean

Social Facilities

Bwiti Social Hall

Bwiti Social Hall

The social hall was constructed in 2009 at a cost of Ksh 5.4 million. It is an integral component of the Project's host resettlement site as part of the social infrastructure commitments defined in Base Titanium’s Special Mining Lease. It is located in Bwiti Village, Lunga Lunga Sub-county to serve the community in the Mrima Bwiti Resettlement Scheme and stands alongside the Bwiti Primary School, Bwiti Dispensary and a water borehole all constructed by Base Titanium. Owing to changed community priorities, this facility has now been converted to an Early Childhood Development Centre.

Ukunda Security Lighting

Security Lighting

Due to ongoing crime issues in the Gombato area of Ukunda, security upgrades were provided through the Community Development Schedules in consultation with area leaders. Two 25-metre high floodlight towers were erected in October 2015.

Ukunda Community Gym

The Ukunda Community Gym had been operating in the social hall at the Ukunda Showground since 2010. With the existing structure now allocated for other uses, the gym had nowhere to move to. Following a request made by the Ukunda community leaders to provide an alternative facility, a new design was agreed with the Kwale County Government and the operators, which includes separate areas for weight-lifting and aerobics, changing rooms and offices. The location was provided adjacent to the social hall and construction completed in November 2015.

Ukunda Gym










Rehabilitation of the Jego-Kiwegu Road

Rehabilitation of this important access road in Lunga Lunga Sub-county was a jointly implemented project with the Kwale County Government to address perennial flooding in the region. The road condition meant that many communities were cut off for extended periods of time with flooding making it impassable. Work was undertaken to raise the road and to install additional culverts that now ensure continued access through periods of heavy rainfall. Base Titanium supported the upgrade with the installation of culverts and provision of funding for materials amounting to KES 3 million.

Rehabilitation of Bwiti Roads

Bwiti is in the host resettlement site. In collaboration with the Kwale County Government, repairs have been implemented to open up previously impassable section to improve access throughout the area. The County Government supplied equipment and Base Titanium carried out civil works building culverts and supplying road surfacing material. The cost of the first phase of the rehabilitation project was KES 4 million. Phase 2 has now commenced.

Installation of Green Houses in Miembeni, Vumbu and Nguluku

As part of the community empowerment programme, green houses were installed at Miembeni, Vumbu and Nguluku villages. These communities, located in the neighbourhood of the mine, and requested the greenhouses to enhance income generating activities to help in improving their livelihoods. The greenhouses were donated to women’s groups from the three villages with input of KES 1.5 million to fund the purchase, installation and startup costs.

Supporting Sports

Football in Kwale

Since 2013 various football teams from across Kwale have been equipped with kit, goalposts, nets and balls to promote the sport with our own staff team participating in the local league.

South Coast Pirates Rugby Club

Rugby is an increasingly popular sport in Kenya with international success achieved at various levels. A group of rugby enthusiasts based in Ukunda formed a team in 1999, but had limited access to poor quality playing facilities. With funding from Base Titanium a new playing field was created and storeroom and changing facilities built. The South Coast Pirates have since achieved rapid success and were recently promoted to the Eastern Conference of the Kenya Rugby Union Championship, Kenya’s top league.

Renovation of the Mangrove Boardwalk for Wasini Women’s Group

The group was formed in 1998 as an income generating initiative for women in Wasini. The boardwalk project, initiated as a tourist attraction, initially received support from the Kenya Wildlife Services who built the boardwalk. As part of its diverse portfolio of community support initiatives, Base Titanium provided funding to the value of KES 440,000 to renovate the boardwalk.

Educational Facilities

Investing in educational infrastructure plays a pivotal role in Base Titanium’s community programmes.

To date some 35 educational infrastructure projects have been undertaken at a cost of Ksh 190 million, spread across the County from the Mrima Bwiti Resettlement Scheme, around the mine site, Matuga, Mkongani and to Likoni. Projects completed range from providing ablution facilities, refurbishing existing institutions to building new schools, such as the flagship Magaoni Secondary School at a cost of Ksh 35 million.

Bwiti Primary School

Bwiti Primary School

Bwiti Primary School

Kiruku Secondary School

Kiruku Secondary School

Kiruku Secondary School

Kibwaga Feeder School

Kibwaga Feeder School

Kibwaga Feeder School

Magaoni Secondary School

Magaoni Secondary School

Magaoni Secondary School

Mwaloya Primary School

Mwaloya Primary School

Mwaloya Primary School

Details of Base Titanium's investment in education infrastructure are set out in the table below.

Institution Location Background Scope Investment
Bwiti Primary School Bwiti Village, Lunga Lunga Implemented through the social infrastructure requirements defined in the Special Mining Lease 8 classrooms built in 2008, upgraded ablution facilities installed in 2014 Ksh 5.7 million
Kiruku Secondary School Kiruku Village, Lunga Lunga Implemented through the social infrastructure requirements defined in the Special Mining Lease Constructed in 2008 to cater for 250 students from Kiruku and other nearby villages and added a science laboratory in 2014 Ksh 13.5 million
Mivumoni Secondary School Mivumoni Village, Msambweni Implemented through the social infrastructure requirements defined in the Special Mining Lease Construction of a dormitory block in 2012, provision of bunk beds, mattresses and mosquito nets and rehabilitation of the school’s water supply Ksh 7.3 million
Kibwaga Feeder School Kibwaga Village near Shimba Hills Town Implemented through the social infrastructure requirements defined in the Special Mining Lease An Early Childhood Development Centre catering for children below six years of age, constructed in 2012, comprising 3 classrooms, office and store Ksh 6.6 million
Magaoni Secondary School Magaoni Village, Msambweni Implemented through the social infrastructure requirements defined in the Special Mining Lease Phase 1 included 4 classrooms, administration block, science laboratory and staff housing built in 2012, with a multipurpose hall, kitchen and sports field added in 2014. Phase 2 will be implemented as the school becomes a boarding facility Ksh 35 million
Kwale Medical Training College Msambweni Campus In response to a request by KMTC administration in Kwale County Constructed 2 classrooms, an ablution block and installed a water supply in 2015 Ksh 8.9 million
Msambweni Secondary School Msambweni Town Implemented through the Community Development Schedule agreed with local communities and the Mining Project Liaison Committee Construction of a dormitory in 2014 with 128 bed capacity and water supply; beds also provided Ksh 9.9 million
Mwamzandi Secondary School Milalani Village, Msambweni Upgraded to provide boarding facilities as part of the Community Development Schedule prioritised by local communities and the Mining Project Liaison Committee Construction of an administration block, a dormitory of 128 bed capacity and water supply for the school and local community Ksh 9.9 million
Mwaloya Primary School Mwaloya Village, Msambweni Implemented through the social infrastructure requirements defined in Base’s Special Mining Lease in partnership with the Kwale County Government and Msambweni CDF Base construction of 6 classrooms and 3 ablution blocks in 2014; CDF provided 2 classrooms and Kwale County Government the Early Childhood Development Centre Ksh 10 million
Shamu Primary School Shamu Village, Ukunda Response to the school management committee seeking emergency assistance to repair collapsed infrastructure at the school Rebuilt 2 ablution blocks in 2014 Ksh 700,000
Tiwi Girls Secondary School Mabriver Village, Matuga Intervention at the request of school management committee and parents to prevent closure of the school for lack of ablution facilities Constructed an ablution block in 2013 Ksh 900,000
Matuga Girls High School Matuga Town Response to a request from the school’s management board and parents Renovation of a science laboratory and construction of a boundary wall Ksh 5.7 million
Yeje Primary School Yeje Village, Matuga Implemented through the Community Development Schedule in collaboration with the Kwale Liaison Committee and Kwale County Government Construction of an Early Childhood Development Centre, completed in 2015, to cater for young children around Waa location and renovation of 3 classroom blocks Ksh 5.3 million
Chai Primary School Chai Village, Matuga Implemented through the Community Development Schedule in collaboration with the Kwale Liaison Committee and Kwale County Government Construction of an Early Childhood Development Centre, completed in 2015, to cater for young children in Tiwi location Ksh 4.6 million
Ng’ombeni Primary School Ng’ombeni Village, Matuga Implemented through the Community Development Schedule in collaboration with the Kwale Liaison Committee and Kwale County Government Construction of an Early Childhood Development Centre, completed in 2015, to cater for young children around Ng’ombeni Ksh 4.5 million
Kombani Secondary School Kombani Village, Matuga Direct application by the school management committee and parents Construction of an administration block and water harvesting tank Ksh 4.2 million
Mweza Primary School Mweza Village, Mtongwe, Likoni Response to an emergency appeal by the Mombasa County Women’s Representative, the school management and parents Renovated 9 classrooms in 2014 and replacement of storm damaged roof Ksh 5.1 million
Puma Primary School Kibuyuni Village, Likoni Response to a request from school management and parents Renovated a classroom block in 2014 Ksh 3.9 million
Shika Adabu Secondary School Shika Adabu Village, Likoni Implemented through the Community Development Schedule for the Likoni Liaison Committee Built 2 classrooms and 1 ablution block in 2014 to expand the school Ksh 6.9 million
Shika Adabu Secondary School Shika Adabu Village, Likoni Implemented through the Community Development Schedule for Likoni Construction of a tank stand and installation of a 24,000-litre water tank in 2014 Ksh 160,000
Likoni Muslim Primary School Caltex Village in Likoni Implemented in response to an appeal from the Kibuyuni liaison sub-committee local consultation committee Renovation of 3 classroom blocks, a total of 13 classrooms and the head teacher’s office in 2013 Ksh 4.7 million
Mwachande Primary School Mwachande Village, Msambweni Implemented in response to a request from school administrators to rehabilitate a classroom block which had become unusable Provision of iron sheets & timber for roofing of 3 classrooms in 2013 Ksh 90,000
Chigombero Primary School Chigombero Village, Lunga Lunga Carried out after a proposal from the school and village elders to upgrade the existing temporary structure to provide adequate space for teachers and school administrators Construction of an administration block in 2014 Ksh 1.9 million
Mwapala Primary School Mwapala Village, Msambweni A request from parents to urgently replace collapsed pit latrines as 600 children were using only two toilets. It was also evident that some older classroom blocks were in desperate need of repair. The school administration requested another classroom to accommodate the growing student population. Renovation of 11 classrooms and construction of one additional classroom, reconstruction of 3 ablution blocks in 2014 Ksh 6.2 million
Maji Safi Primary School Shelly Beach Village, Likoni Implemented through the Community Development Schedule for Likoni Construction of a plinth and installation of a 24,000-litre water tank in 2014 Ksh 160,000
Bububu Secondary School Bububu Village, Likoni Implemented through the Community Development Schedule for Likoni Construction of a plinth and installation of a 24,000-litre water tank in June 2014 Ksh 160,000
Kidimu Primary School – special unit for the deaf Kidimu, Lunga Lunga Response to an appeal by the teacher in charge and the nominated MCA for pupils with special needs Construction of a modern dormitory in 2015 Ksh 6.5 million
Mkongani Agricultural Training Centre Mkongani, Matuga Partnering Kwale County Government Department of Agriculture in meeting infrastructural requirements at the training centre Construction of a perimeter wall surrounding the farm and secondary school in 2015 Ksh 6.8 million
Yeje ECD Centre Yeje Village, Matuga Request from Kwale County Government to assist in upgrading old buildings to accommodate increased attendance Renovation of old classrooms in 2015 Ksh 700,000
Magaoni Secondary School Magaoni Village, Msambweni Request from school management committee to electrify the school Connection to the power supply and installation of internal wiring in 2015 Ksh 800,000
Shimba Hills Secondary School Shimba Hills Village, Matuga Request from school committee to assist with rebuilding a dormitory damaged by fire Renovation of a dormitory in 2015 Ksh 3.0 million
Shimba Hills Secondary School Shimba Hills Village, Matuga Additional upgrade work to the renovated dormitory Installation of toilets and showers for the dormitory in 2016 Ksh 480,000
Magaoni Secondary School Magaoni Village, Msambweni Request from the school committee to fence the school Fencing of school grounds in 2016 Ksh 2.5 million
Magaoni Secondary School Magaoni Village, Msambweni Request for an additional toilet block to cater for increased enrolment Construction of 3-door pit latrine in 2016 Ksh 520,000
Waa Boys Secondary School Waa, Matuga Implemented through the Community Development Schedule identified by the Kwale Liaison Committee Construction of a science laboratory in 2017 Ksh 6.0 million

Medical Facilities

Supporting the Kwale County Government’s commitment to improve health delivery is a key component of our community programmes. This is aligned with the County’s Integrated Development Plan, together with inputs from the communities themselves through each sub-county’s Community Development Schedules ("CDS").

Key health infrastructure provided by Base Titanium so far includes a health centre at Magaoni, a dispensary at Bwiti, provision of an ambulance for and construction of a blood bank at the Msambweni Referral Hospital and a new maternity wing for the Likoni District Hospital, the latter two completed in 2017.

The total invested by the company in establishing these facilities amounts to Ksh 88 million.

Magaoni Health Centre

Magaoni Health Centre is located in Magaoni Village, Msambweni Sub-county. This project was carried out as part of the commitments under the Special Mining Lease, which identified the need to provide health infrastructure near the mine site.

Phase I of the facility was officially opened in July 2014 by the Governor of Kwale County, Salim Mvurya. At a cost of Ksh 26 million, construction and equipping of the Health Centre was one of the larger community projects undertaken by Base Titanium so far. This phase includes an outpatient wing, mother and child health, mini theatre, store and records room, pharmacy, VCT room, laboratory, a delivery room, an incinerator and staff houses.

The electricity connection has been completed which will pave the way for Phase 2 construction to begin following ongoing consultation with Kwale County Government. This will include a maternity wing, an inpatient wing and more staff housing.

The Health Centre has nine catchment villages with a total population of about 4,000 and currently caters for approximately 60 patients a day. It was built to improve health service delivery to nearby communities who had difficulty in accessing health care.

The Magaoni Community Health Unit is based at the Health Centre and provides primary healthcare services and outreach programmes to nearby residents. This modern facility, with the support of the Kwale County Government, stands to become one of the leading health service providers in the region.

Magaoni Health Centre

Magaoni Health Centre

Magaoni Health Centre


Bwiti Dispensary

The Bwiti Dispensary, located in Bwiti Village, Lunga Lunga Sub-county, represents a component of Base Titanium’s commitment to provide an integrated set of social infrastructure serving the community relocated from the mine site to the Mrima Bwiti Resettlement Scheme.

The dispensary was constructed in 2012 and a staff house was added in 2014. In addition to the buildings, the unit was fully equipped and stocked with medicines at a cost of Ksh 14 million and serves on average 1,200 out patients per month.

It stands alongside the Bwiti Primary School, Bwiti Social Hall (since converted to an Early Childhood Development Centre) and a water borehole, all constructed by Base Titanium under its commitments defined in Special Mining Lease.

Bwiti Dispensary

Bwiti Dispensary

Bwiti Dispensary


Ambulance for Msambweni Referral Hospital

Under the Special Mining Lease a dispensary was to be placed near the mine site. However, since the Magaoni Health Centre is located near the mine, after consultations with the local community and the Kwale County Government, it was agreed that the dispensary would be replaced with a 4X4 ambulance to serve the needs of the wider community. This was also approved by the Ministry of Mines and a new Toyota Landcruiser 4X4 was procured and equipped to county specifications and handed over to the Kwale County Governor, His Excellency Salim Mvurya on 29th September 2015 at Msambweni County Referral Hospital.

Ambulance Handover

Ambulance Handover

Bwiti Dispensary


Water Supply for Mbuta Health Centre

Mbuta Health Centre

As part of the CDS established with the Likoni Liaison Committee, a water supply scheme comprising pump, tank, tank stand and piping was installed at Mbuta Health Centre in Mtongwe in August 2015 costing Ksh 1.1 million.









Staff Housing for Ng'ombeni Dispensary

Base Titanium has constructed a 2-bedroom house for staff working at the dispensary.

Serving around 15 villages in the area, Ng’ombeni Dispensary now has a newly built maternity wing constructed by the Kwale County Government, which handles more than 20 deliveries per month. As some deliveries take place at night, the house has greatly assisted by allowing staff to be on site 24 hours a day. The project, part of the CDS for the Kwale Liaison Committee, was completed in 2016 at a cost of Ksh 7.4 million.

Maternity Wing for Likoni Sub-county Hospital

This facility serves the whole sub-county and also part of Kwale County. With the ferry presenting serious challenges for women facing difficult deliveries, the community identified the need for a maternity wing as an important upgrade to the existing facility.

Construction of the maternity wing by Base Titanium under the CDS for the Likoni Liaison Committee, and now providing for more than 30 deliveries each month, was completed in 2017 at an investment of Ksh 19.7 million.

Blood Bank for Msambweni Referral Hospital

This undertaking, in partnership with the Kwale County Government and the German development agency, GIZ, was driven by the need for a reliable blood bank in Kwale County. The need to overcome the logistical problems associated with sourcing blood in Mombasa or transferring patient there was identified in the 2012 Health Impact Assessment carried out by Base Titanium.

The company funded construction of the building, completed in 2017 at a cost of Ksh 15.0 million, while GIZ and the Kwale County Government are responsible for equipping the facility and training its staff.

Boreholes

Access to good quality water supplies is a key component for community development. This is seen as an integral part of Kwale County’s strategic community development plans to which Base Titanium has aligned its Community Development Management Plan.

At an investment of Ksh 35 million, various programmes have been implemented to address lack of access to water for communities located near the mine site and at the host resettlement site:

  • During periods of prolonged drought, Base established a water distribution plan, delivering water by tanker to villages, which continues to run in areas where boreholes are yet to be sunk. The Kwale County Government has since acquired its own borehole drilling rig and plans are underway to reduce reliance on water deliveries as Base and the county government collaborate on increasing the number of boreholes in the region.
  • 6 access points have been provided for communities located near the pipeline that connects the main production boreholes to the mine. These provide water from deep aquifers for home use, with each incorporating a livestock watering trough.
  • Through the Mining Project Liaison Committee a number of non-functioning, existing boreholes were identified and funding provided to facilitate mechanical repairs.
  • Borehole drilling has been a major part of Base’s community investment programme since 2010. To date 13 new community boreholes have been sunk. To ensure sustainability of this investment, Base engaged leading consultants to train each borehole management committee to implement procedures aligned with Water Resources Management Authority requirements.

The table below describes various borehole drilling projects completed to date:

Location Background Scope Investment
Bwiti Village, host resettlement site, Lunga Lunga Implemented through the social infrastructure requirements defined in the Special Mining Lease to supply 2,000 villagers, Bwiti Dispensary and Bwiti Primary School Borehole drilled in 2012 and equipped as a community water point with tank stand and solar pumping system; training also provided to the local committee that manages the sustainability of the borehole Ksh 3.5 million
Kiruku Village, host resettlement site, Lunga Lunga Implemented through the social infrastructure requirements defined in the Special Mining Lease to 1,500 supply villagers and Kiruku Secondary School Borehole drilled in 2011 and equipped as a community water point with tank stand and solar pumping system; training also provided to the local committee that manages the sustainability of the borehole Ksh 3.5 million
Magaoni Village, Msambweni Implemented through the social infrastructure requirements defined in the Special Mining Lease and designed to cater for 2,500 villagers, Magaoni Secondary and Primary schools and Magaoni Health Centre Borehole drilled in 2013 and equipped with 3 community water points, a specially designed tank stand and solar pumping system; training also provided to the local committee that manages the sustainability of the borehole Ksh 4.0 million
Bumamani Village, Msambweni Implemented through the social infrastructure requirements defined in the Special Mining Lease for 1,000 villagers from the surrounding area Borehole drilled in 2014 and equipped with a hand pump Ksh 2.5 million
Fihoni Village, Msambweni Implemented through the social infrastructure requirements defined in the Special Mining Lease for 1,000 villagers from the surrounding area Borehole drilled in 2014 and equipped with a hand pump Ksh 2.5 million
Gongoni Forest, Msambweni Implemented in association with Kenya Forest Service ("KFS") to service the forest post and nearby village Borehole drilled in 2012, completed with tank stand and solar pumping system in 2015 Ksh 2.3 million
Kibwaga Village, Msambweni Implemented under the Community Development Schedule to serve 900 people, the Kibwaga ECD School and livestock Borehole drilled with connection to the school and a livestock drinking trough, completion June 2015 Ksh 3.5 million
Kigombero Village, Msambweni Implemented under the Community Development Schedule to serve 3,000 people in the surrounding area Borehole equipped with a tank stand and electric pumping system, completed in June 2015 Ksh 3.5 million
Majimboni Village, Matuga Implemented in conjunction with Rotary International for Footprints Children’s Home and 1,000 members of the surrounding community Borehole drilled in 2014, equipped with tank stand and single phase electric pump, completed in June 2015 Ksh 2.4 million
Mivumoni School, Msambweni Rehabilitation of existing collapsed borehole serving the school and surrounding community of 2,500 Borehole drilled in 2013 and equipped with tank stand and electric pump Ksh 1.5 million
Vumbu Village, Msambweni Originally installed by the German NGO, Ukunda Hilfe, Base, at the request of the community, upgraded and improved the well for use by 800 villagers and their livestock The well was sterilized, covered and fitted with a hand pump, completed in 2013 Ksh 0.5 million
Bumamani Village, Msambweni Installed to cater for a growing population settling along the mine access road, mainly relocating from Vumbu village and also intended to supply future community projects developed by the German NGO, Ukunda Hilfe The borehole was drilled in partnership with Ukunda Hilfe, which funded the drilling while Base supplied the solar pumping system, tank stand and community water point Ksh 2.0 million
Miembeni Village, Msambweni Installed to deliver a permanent solution to water scarcity affecting approximately 400 people to replace limited supplies delivered by lorry from the mine site Collaboration between community (provided land), Kwale County Government (drilled the borehole) and Base (provided casings, solar pump, piping, tank and tank stand); completed in 2016 Ksh 3,7 million