Construction of social infrastructure is a very important part of Base Titanium’s community programmes.
These projects are identified through:
- commitments set out in the Special Mining Lease; and
- a collaborative process of evaluating needs of the communities and cross-referencing the County Integrated Development Plan prepared by the Kwale County Government to guide development activities within the county.
Commitments under the mining lease, including 2 schools, a dispensary, a social hall and 2 boreholes at the Mrima Bwiti Host Resettlement Site and 2 schools, a borehole and health centre at Magaoni have been completed. Since the area has several existing health facilities, in agreement with county health authorities, community consultation committees and the Commissioner of Mines, a four-wheel drive ambulance was provided to Msambweni Referral Hospital as an alternative to a dispensary.
Furthermore, we continue to participate in a number of additional projects, working closely with:
- the Constituency Development Fund in expanding primary and secondary schools in Msambweni and Matuga sub-counties;
- the Kwale County Government to assist with construction of Early Childhood Development centres, agricultural training facilities, health facilities and water infrastructure; and
- other work includes refurbishment of existing schools in Kwale and Mombasa counties to create a better learning environment and upgrading work to improve service delivery at the Kenya Medical Training College at Msambweni.
The geographical spread of our social infrastructure projects is shown in the map below. We have already touched many parts of Kwale County, including the project host resettlement site as well as the Likoni area in Mombasa County. Recent activity has also extended our reach to Kinango Sub-County in Kwale.
For details of the infrastructure projects, explore the interactive map below.
Bwiti Social Hall
The social hall was constructed in 2009 at a cost of Ksh 5.4 million. It is an integral component of the Project's host resettlement site as part of the social infrastructure commitments defined in Base Titanium’s Special Mining Lease. It is located in Bwiti Village, Lunga Lunga Sub-county to serve the community in the Mrima Bwiti Resettlement Scheme and stands alongside the Bwiti Primary School, Bwiti Dispensary and a water borehole all constructed by Base Titanium. Owing to community priorities, this facility has now been converted to an Early Childhood Development Centre.
Ukunda Security Lighting
Due to ongoing crime issues in the Gombato area of Ukunda, security upgrades were provided through the Community Development Schedules in consultation with area leaders. Two 25-metre high floodlight towers were erected in October 2015.
Ukunda Community Gym
The Ukunda Community Gym had been operating in the social hall at the Ukunda Showground since 2010. With the existing structure now allocated for other uses, the gym had nowhere to move to. Following a request made by the Ukunda community leaders to provide an alternative facility, a new design was agreed with the Kwale County Government and the operators, which includes separate areas for weight-lifting and aerobics, changing rooms and offices. The location was provided adjacent to the social hall and construction completed in November 2015.
Investing in educational infrastructure plays a pivotal role in Base Titanium’s community programmes.
To date some 27 educational infrastructure projects have been undertaken at a cost of Ksh 176 million, spread across the County from the Mrima Bwiti Resettlement Scheme, around the mine site, Matuga, Mkongani and to Likoni. Projects completed range from providing ablution facilities, refurbishing existing institutions to building new schools, such as the flagship Magaoni Secondary School at a cost of Ksh 35 million.
Bwiti Primary School
Kiruku Secondary School
Kibwaga Feeder School
Magaoni Secondary School
Mwaloya Primary School
Details of Base Titanium's investment in education infrastructure are set out in the table below.
|Bwiti Primary School||Bwiti Village, Lunga Lunga||Implemented through the social infrastructure requirements defined in the Special Mining Lease||8 classrooms built in 2008, upgraded ablution facilities installed in 2014||Ksh 5.7 million|
|Kiruku Secondary School||Kiruku Village, Lunga Lunga||Implemented through the social infrastructure requirements defined in the Special Mining Lease||Constructed in 2008 to cater for 250 students from Kiruku and other nearby villages and added a science laboratory in 2014||Ksh 13.5 million|
|Mivumoni Secondary School||Mivumoni Village, Msambweni||Implemented through the social infrastructure requirements defined in the Special Mining Lease||Construction of a dormitory block in 2012, provision of bunk beds, mattresses and mosquito nets and rehabilitation of the school’s water supply||Ksh 7.3 million|
|Kibwaga Feeder School||Kibwaga Village near Shimba Hills Town||Implemented through the social infrastructure requirements defined in the Special Mining Lease||An Early Childhood Development Centre catering for children below six years of age, constructed in 2012, comprising 3 classrooms, office and store||Ksh 6.6 million|
|Magaoni Secondary School||Magaoni Village, Msambweni||Implemented through the social infrastructure requirements defined in the Special Mining Lease||Phase 1 included 4 classrooms, administration block, science laboratory and staff housing built in 2012, with a multipurpose hall, kitchen and sports field added in 2014. Phase 2 will be implemented as the school becomes a boarding facility||Ksh 35 million|
|Kwale Medical Training College||Msambweni Campus||In response to a request by KMTC administration in Kwale County||Constructed 2 classrooms, an ablution block and installed a water supply in 2015||Ksh 8.9 million|
|Msambweni Secondary School||Msambweni Town||Implemented through the Community Development Schedule agreed with local communities and the Mining Project Liaison Committee||Construction of a dormitory in 2014 with 128 bed capacity and water supply; beds also provided||Ksh 9.9 million|
|Mwamzandi Secondary School||Milalani Village, Msambweni||Upgraded to provide boarding facilities as part of the Community Development Schedule prioritised by local communities and the Mining Project Liaison Committee||Construction of an administration block, a dormitory of 128 bed capacity and water supply for the school and local community||Ksh 9.9 million|
|Mwaloya Primary School||Mwaloya Village, Msambweni||Implemented through the social infrastructure requirements defined in Base’s Special Mining Lease in partnership with the Kwale County Government and Msambweni CDF||Base construction of 6 classrooms and 3 ablution blocks in 2014; CDF provided 2 classrooms and Kwale County Government the Early Childhood Development Centre||Ksh 10 million|
|Shamu Primary School||Shamu Village, Ukunda||Response to the school management committee seeking emergency assistance to repair collapsed infrastructure at the school||Rebuilt 2 ablution blocks in 2014||Ksh 700,000|
|Tiwi Girls Secondary School||Mabriver Village, Matuga||Intervention at the request of school management committee and parents to prevent closure of the school for lack of ablution facilities||Constructed an ablution block in 2013||Ksh 900,000|
|Matuga Girls High School||Matuga Town||Response to a request from the school’s management board and parents||Renovation of a science laboratory and construction of a boundary wall||Ksh 5.7 million|
|Yeje Primary School||Yeje Village, Matuga||Implemented through the Community Development Schedule in collaboration with the Kwale Liaison Committee and Kwale County Government||Construction of an Early Childhood Development Centre, completed in 2015, to cater for young children around Waa location and renovation of 3 classroom blocks||Ksh 5.3 million|
|Chai Primary School||Chai Village, Matuga||Implemented through the Community Development Schedule in collaboration with the Kwale Liaison Committee and Kwale County Government||Construction of an Early Childhood Development Centre, completed in 2015, to cater for young children in Tiwi location||Ksh 4.6 million|
|Ng’ombeni Primary School||Ng’ombeni Village, Matuga||Implemented through the Community Development Schedule in collaboration with the Kwale Liaison Committee and Kwale County Government||Construction of an Early Childhood Development Centre, completed in 2015, to cater for young children around Ng’ombeni||Ksh 4.5 million|
|Kombani Secondary School||Kombani Village, Matuga||Direct application by the school management committee and parents||Construction of an administration block and water harvesting tank||Ksh 4.2 million|
|Mweza Primary School||Mweza Village, Mtongwe, Likoni||Response to an emergency appeal by the Mombasa County Women’s Representative, the school management and parents||Renovated 9 classrooms in 2014 and replacement of storm damaged roof||Ksh 5.1 million|
|Puma Primary School||Kibuyuni Village, Likoni||Response to a request from school management and parents||Renovated a classroom block in 2014||Ksh 3.9 million|
|Shika Adabu Secondary School||Shika Adabu Village, Likoni||Implemented through the Community Development Schedule for the Likoni Liaison Committee||Built 2 classrooms and 1 ablution block in 2014 to expand the school||Ksh 6.9 million|
|Shika Adabu Secondary School||Shika Adabu Village, Likoni||Implemented through the Community Development Schedule for Likoni||Construction of a tank stand and installation of a 24,000-litre water tank in 2014||Ksh 160,000|
|Likoni Muslim Primary School||Caltex Village in Likoni||Implemented in response to an appeal from the Kibuyuni liaison sub-committee local consultation committee||Renovation of 3 classroom blocks, a total of 13 classrooms and the head teacher’s office in 2013||Ksh 4.7 million|
|Mwachande Primary School||Mwachande Village, Msambweni||Implemented in response to a request from school administrators to rehabilitate a classroom block which had become unusable||Provision of iron sheets & timber for roofing of 3 classrooms in 2013||Ksh 90,000|
|Chigombero Primary School||Chigombero Village, Lunga Lunga||Carried out after a proposal from the school and village elders to upgrade the existing temporary structure to provide adequate space for teachers and school administrators||Construction of an administration block in 2014||Ksh 1.9 million|
|Mwapala Primary School||Mwapala Village, Msambweni||A request from parents to urgently replace collapsed pit latrines as 600 children were using only two toilets. It was also evident that some older classroom blocks were in desperate need of repair. The school administration requested another classroom to accommodate the growing student population.||Renovation of 11 classrooms and construction of one additional classroom, reconstruction of 3 ablution blocks in 2014||Ksh 6.2 million|
|Maji Safi Primary School||Shelly Beach Village, Likoni||Implemented through the Community Development Schedule for Likoni||Construction of a plinth and installation of a 24,000-litre water tank in 2014||Ksh 160,000|
|Bububu Secondary School||Bububu Village, Likoni||Implemented through the Community Development Schedule for Likoni||Construction of a plinth and installation of a 24,000-litre water tank in June 2014||Ksh 160,000|
|Kidimu Primary School – special unit for the deaf||Kidimu, Lunga Lunga||Response to an appeal by the teacher in charge and the nominated MCA for pupils with special needs||Construction of a modern dormitory in 2015||Ksh 6.5 million|
|Mkongani Agricultural Training Centre||Mkongani, Matuga||Partnering Kwale County Government Department of Agriculture in meeting infrastructural requirements at the training centre||Construction of a perimeter wall fence surrounding the farm and secondary school in 2015||Ksh 6.8 million|
Magaoni Health Centre
Magaoni Health Centre is located in Magaoni Village, Msambweni Sub County in Kwale County. This project was carried out as part of the Special Mining Lease commitments, which identified the need to provide health infrastructure near the mine site.
Phase I of the facility was officially opened in July 2014 by the Governor of Kwale County, Salim Mvurya. At a cost of Ksh 26 million construction and equipping of the Health Centre is one of the larger community projects undertaken by Base Titanium so far. This phase includes an outpatient wing, mother and child health, mini theatre, store and records room, pharmacy, VCT room, laboratory, a delivery room, an incinerator and staff houses.
The electricity connection is nearing completion, which will pave the way for Phase 2 construction to begin in 2016. This will include a maternity wing, an inpatient wing and more staff housing.
The Health Centre has nine catchment villages with a total population of about 4,000 people, and currently caters for approximately 50 patients a day. It was built to improve service deliveries to the nearby communities who were impacted by difficulties in accessing health care.
The Magaoni Community Unit is based in the Health Centre and provides outreach programmes to nearby residents. This modern facility, with the support of the Kwale County Government, stands to become one of the leading health services locations in the region.
The Bwiti Dispensary, located in Bwiti Village, Lunga Lunga Sub-county, represents a component of Base Titanium’s commitment to provide an integrated set of social infrastructure serving the community relocated from the mine site to the Mrima Bwiti Resettlement Scheme.
The dispensary was constructed in 2012 and a staff house was added in 2014. In addition to the buildings, the unit was fully equipped and stocked with medicines at a cost of Ksh 14 million and serves on average 1,200 out patients per month.
It stands alongside the Bwiti Primary School, Bwiti Social Hall (since converted to an Early Childhood Development Centre) and a water borehole, all constructed by Base Titanium under its commitments defined in Special Mining Lease.
Ambulance for Msambweni Referral Hospital
Under the Special Mining Lease a dispensary was to be placed near the mine site. However, since the Magaoni Health Centre is located near the mine, after consultations with the local community and the Kwale County Government, it was agreed that the dispensary would be replaced with a 4X4 ambulance to serve the needs of the wider community. This was also approved by the Ministry of Mines and a new Toyota Landcruiser 4X4 was procured and equipped to county specifications and handed over to the Kwale County Governor, His Excellency Salim Mvurya on 29th September 2015 at Msambweni County Referral Hospital.
Mbuta Health Centre
As part of the Community Development Schedule (“CDS”) established with the Likoni Liaison Committee, a water supply scheme comprising pump, tank, tank stand and piping was installed at Mbuta Health Centre in Mtongwe in August 2015 costing Ksh 1.1 million.
Construction has started on another CDS project identified as an urgent requirement for the north-eastern Kwale County communities. Ng’ombeni Dispensary is already a functioning medical facility, but owing to a number of challenges, it is not able to offer services beyond daylight hours. With the construction of two staff houses, medical services can be delivered more efficiently and at night when many emergencies can be handled locally. The project should be completed by March 2016 at an anticipated cost of Ksh 7.4 million.
Access to good quality water supplies is a key component for community development. This is seen as an integral part of Kwale County’s strategic community development plans to which Base Titanium has aligned its Community Development Management Plan.
At an investment of Ksh 35 million, various programmes have been implemented to address lack of access to water for communities located near the mine site:
- During periods of prolonged drought in Kwale in 2012, Base established a water distribution plan, delivering water by tanker to villages, which continues to run in areas where boreholes are yet to be sunk. The Kwale County Government has since acquired its own borehole drilling rig and plans are underway to reduce reliance on water deliveries as Base and the county government collaborate on increasing the number of boreholes in the region.
- 6 access points have been provided for communities located near the pipeline that connects the main production boreholes to the mine. These provide water from deep aquifers for home use, with each incorporating a livestock watering trough.
- Through the Mining Project Liaison Committee a number of non-functioning, existing boreholes were identified and funding provided to facilitate mechanical repairs.
- Borehole drilling has been a major part of Base’s community investment programme since 2010. To date 13 new community boreholes have been sunk. To ensure sustainability of this investment, Base engaged leading consultants to train each borehole management committee to implement management procedures aligned with Water Resources Management Authority requirements.
The table below describes various borehole drilling projects completed to date:
|Bwiti Village, host resettlement site, Lunga Lunga||Implemented through the social infrastructure requirements defined in the Special Mining Lease to supply 2,000 villagers, Bwiti Dispensary and Bwiti Primary School||Borehole drilled in 2012 and equipped as a community water point with tank stand and solar pumping system; training also provided to the local committee that manages the sustainability of the borehole||Ksh 3.5 million|
|Kiruku Village, host resettlement site, Lunga Lunga||Implemented through the social infrastructure requirements defined in the Special Mining Lease to 1,500 supply villagers and Kiruku Secondary School||Borehole drilled in 2011 and equipped as a community water point with tank stand and solar pumping system; training also provided to the local committee that manages the sustainability of the borehole||Ksh 3.5 million|
|Magaoni Village, Msambweni||Implemented through the social infrastructure requirements defined in the Special Mining Lease and designed to cater for 2,500 villagers, Magaoni Secondary and Primary schools and Magaoni Health Centre||Borehole drilled in 2013 and equipped with 3 community water points, a specially designed tank stand and solar pumping system; training also provided to the local committee that manages the sustainability of the borehole||Ksh 4.0 million|
|Bumamani Village, Msambweni||Implemented through the social infrastructure requirements defined in the Special Mining Lease for 1,000 villagers from the surrounding area||Borehole drilled in 2014 and equipped with a hand pump||Ksh 2.5 million|
|Fihoni Village, Msambweni||Implemented through the social infrastructure requirements defined in the Special Mining Lease for 1,000 villagers from the surrounding area||Borehole drilled in 2014 and equipped with a hand pump||Ksh 2.5 million|
|Gongoni Forest, Msambweni||Implemented in association with Kenya Forest Service ("KFS") to service the forest post and nearby village||Borehole drilled in 2012, completed with tank stand and solar pumping system in 2015||Ksh 2.3 million|
|Kibwaga Village, Msambweni||Implemented under the Community Development Schedule to serve 900 people, the Kibwaga ECD School and livestock||Borehole drilled with connection to the school and a livestock drinking trough, completion June 2015||Ksh 3.5 million|
|Kigombero Village, Msambweni||Implemented under the Community Development Schedule to serve 3,000 people in the surrounding area||Borehole equipped with a tank stand and electric pumping system, completed in June 2015||Ksh 3.5 million|
|Majimboni Village, Matuga||Implemented in conjunction with Rotary International for Footprints Children’s Home and 1,000 members of the surrounding community||Borehole drilled in 2014, equipped with tank stand and single phase electric pump, completed in June 2015||Ksh 2.4 million|
|Mivumoni School, Msambweni||Rehabilitation of existing collapsed borehole serving the school and surrounding community of 2,500||Borehole drilled in 2013 and equipped with tank stand and electric pump||Ksh 1.5 million|
|Vumbu Village, Msambweni||Originally installed by the German NGO, Ukunda Hilfe, Base, at the request of the community, upgraded and improved the well for use by 800 villagers and their livestock||The well was sterilized, covered and fitted with a hand pump, completed in 2013||Ksh 0.5 million|
|Bumamani Village, Msambweni||Installed to cater for a growing population settling along the mine access road, mainly relocating from Vumbu village and also intended to supply future community projects developed by the German NGO, Ukunda Hilfe||The borehole was drilled in partnership with Ukunda Hilfe, which funded the drilling while Base supplied the solar pumping system, tank stand and community water point||Ksh 2.0 million|
|Miembeni Village, Msambweni||Installed to deliver a permanent solution to water scarcity affecting approximately 400 people to replace limited supplies delivered by lorry from the mine site||Collaboration between community (provided land), Kwale County Government (drilled the borehole) and Base (provided casings, solar pump, piping, tank and tank stand). Completion expected in February 2016||Ksh 3,7 million|