Boreholes

Access to good quality water supplies is a key component for community development. This is seen as an integral part of Kwale County’s strategic community development plans to which Base Titanium has aligned its Community Development Management Plan.

At an investment of Ksh 35 million, various programmes have been implemented to address lack of access to water for communities located near the mine site and at the host resettlement site:

  • During periods of prolonged drought, Base established a water distribution plan, delivering water by tanker to villages, which continues to run in areas where boreholes are yet to be sunk. The Kwale County Government has since acquired its own borehole drilling rig and plans are underway to reduce reliance on water deliveries as Base and the county government collaborate on increasing the number of boreholes in the region.
  • 6 access points have been provided for communities located near the pipeline that connects the main production boreholes to the mine. These provide water from deep aquifers for home use, with each incorporating a livestock watering trough.
  • Through the Mining Project Liaison Committee a number of non-functioning, existing boreholes were identified and funding provided to facilitate mechanical repairs.
  • Borehole drilling has been a major part of Base’s community investment programme since 2010. To date 13 new community boreholes have been sunk. To ensure sustainability of this investment, Base engaged leading consultants to train each borehole management committee to implement procedures aligned with Water Resources Management Authority requirements.

The table below describes various borehole drilling projects completed to date:

No Location Background Scope Investment
1 Bwiti Village, host resettlement site, Lunga Lunga Implemented through the social infrastructure requirements defined in the Special Mining Lease to supply 2,000 villagers, Bwiti Dispensary and Bwiti Primary School Borehole drilled in 2012 and equipped as a community water point with tank stand and solar pumping system; training also provided to the local committee that manages the sustainability of the borehole Ksh 3.5 million
2 Kiruku Village, host resettlement site, Lunga Lunga Implemented through the social infrastructure requirements defined in the Special Mining Lease to 1,500 supply villagers and Kiruku Secondary School Borehole drilled in 2011 and equipped as a community water point with tank stand and solar pumping system; training also provided to the local committee that manages the sustainability of the borehole Ksh 3.5 million
3 Magaoni Village, Msambweni Implemented through the social infrastructure requirements defined in the Special Mining Lease and designed to cater for 2,500 villagers, Magaoni Secondary and Primary schools and Magaoni Health Centre Borehole drilled in 2013 and equipped with 3 community water points, a specially designed tank stand and solar pumping system; training also provided to the local committee that manages the sustainability of the borehole Ksh 4.0 million
4 Bumamani Village, Msambweni Implemented through the social infrastructure requirements defined in the Special Mining Lease for 1,000 villagers from the surrounding area Borehole drilled in 2014 and equipped with a hand pump Ksh 2.5 million
5 Fihoni Village, Msambweni Implemented through the social infrastructure requirements defined in the Special Mining Lease for 1,000 villagers from the surrounding area Borehole drilled in 2014 and equipped with a hand pump Ksh 2.5 million
6 Gongoni Forest, Msambweni Implemented in association with Kenya Forest Service ("KFS") to service the forest post and nearby village Borehole drilled in 2012, completed with tank stand and solar pumping system in 2015 Ksh 2.3 million
7 Kibwaga Village, Msambweni Implemented under the Community Development Schedule to serve 900 people, the Kibwaga ECD School and livestock Borehole drilled with connection to the school and a livestock drinking trough, completion June 2015 Ksh 3.5 million
8 Kigombero Village, Msambweni Implemented under the Community Development Schedule to serve 3,000 people in the surrounding area Borehole equipped with a tank stand and electric pumping system, completed in June 2015 Ksh 3.5 million
9 Majimboni Village, Matuga Implemented in conjunction with Rotary International for Footprints Children’s Home and 1,000 members of the surrounding community Borehole drilled in 2014, equipped with tank stand and single phase electric pump, completed in June 2015 Ksh 2.4 million
10 Mivumoni School, Msambweni Rehabilitation of existing collapsed borehole serving the school and surrounding community of 2,500 Borehole drilled in 2013 and equipped with tank stand and electric pump Ksh 1.5 million
11 Vumbu Village, Msambweni Originally installed by the German NGO, Ukunda Hilfe, Base, at the request of the community, upgraded and improved the well for use by 800 villagers and their livestock The well was sterilized, covered and fitted with a hand pump, completed in 2013 Ksh 0.5 million
12 Bumamani Village, Msambweni Installed to cater for a growing population settling along the mine access road, mainly relocating from Vumbu village and also intended to supply future community projects developed by the German NGO, Ukunda Hilfe The borehole was drilled in partnership with Ukunda Hilfe, which funded the drilling while Base supplied the solar pumping system, tank stand and community water point Ksh 2.0 million
13 Miembeni Village, Msambweni Installed to deliver a permanent solution to water scarcity affecting approximately 400 people to replace limited supplies delivered by lorry from the mine site Collaboration between community (provided land), Kwale County Government (drilled the borehole) and Base (provided casings, solar pump, piping, tank and tank stand); completed in 2016 Ksh 3,7 million