Community Projects and Livelihood Programmes

Base Titanium is committed to working with communities to improve living standards and livelihood opportunities.

The main aim is to deliver this through the implementation of a variety of community projects. With substantial amounts of funding going towards these projects, it is intended to be the engine room for community development that will outlast the life of the mine.

Agricultural and animal husbandry programmes play a major role in this objective and work is already underway in this regard.
b4d logo
Base engaged a specialist Australian consultant to look into improving agricultural productivity and diversity in Kwale. Business for Development (“B4D”) has an extensive track record of implementing such programmes in a number of countries.

Other projects include:

  • Providing life skills training through sport in collaboration with Little Sports Organisation.
  • Base Titanium also supports the Ministry of Health in the implementation of its Community Health Strategy which aims to improve the health status of Kenyan communities.
  • Additionally, we are working with local non-governmental and community based organisations in the area of enterprise development, such as Village Savings and Loans Association (“VSLA”) schemes for volunteer community health workers and enterprise development for youth and women’s groups.

The geographical spread of our community projects and livelihood programmes is shown in the map below. The programmes have already impacted many parts of Kwale County, including the project host resettlement site, as well as the Likoni area in Mombasa County.

For details of these initiatives, explore the interactive map below.

Map of the project area showing points of interest.
Special Mining Lease Port Facility Host Resettlement Site Kwale County Mombasa County Kwale County Waa Bwiti Mrima Kiruku Ramisi Kikoneni Msambweni Gazi Vumbu Mivumoni Kibwaga Fihoni Magaoni Mwaloya Mwapala Majimboni Ukunda Kombani Matuga Kwale Shika Adabu Likoni Kinango Shimba Hills Indian Ocean

Potato Trials

In early 2014 Base Titanium introduced a new concept to Kwale farmers and set out to establish if potatoes could be successfully grown in the region. Through enormous efforts by local farmers under the guidance of agricultural specialists from Syngenta, B4D, Kwale County Government and DEG, the potato trials proved that good yields could be realised.

Progress in Kwale has not been without its challenges with farmers having to learn many new techniques, work hard preparing the fields for planting and then coping with weeds and a host of new crop pests. The result of all these efforts and this hard work is none the less outstanding. All can now be confident of potatoes being a valuable additional crop for Kwale farmers. Successful potato harvesting took place in October 2014 and the crops from these trial plots were distributed amongst the community. Work is now proceeding on commercialisation of this crop.

See more on the Agricultural Programmes Update 2014

Agricultural Programmes

Cotton Trials

Cotton trials in 2014 were implemented to understand the economics of cotton farming in Kwale and to determine cotton lint quality, including measuring fibre strength and colour. Successful yields and excellent quality provide strong indication that this crop has the potential to become an important contributor to agricultural livelihoods in the region.

These results could not have been achieved without considerable input from our partners B4D, DEG, Syngenta and COMPACI, as well as the dedication and hard work of the farmers themselves.

See more on the Agricultural Programmes Update 2014

Agricultural Programmes

Schools Sports Programme

lso logo

Base Titanium is working closely with Little Sports Organisation (“LSO”), a Kenyan NGO, to support after-school sports programmes in 25 primary schools in the region. Activities are aimed at improving student performance through building and enhancing life skills using the medium of sport and enjoyment.

The LSO programme is running in the following schools:

No. School Location Sub-County
1 Duncan Ndegwa Fingirika Msambweni
2 Mafisini Mafisini Msambweni
3 Magodi Magodi Msambweni
4 Mivumoni Mivbumoni Msambweni
5 Mwapala Mwapala Msambweni
6 Mkwambani Mkwambani Msambweni
7 Zigira Zigira Msambweni
8 Magaoni Magaoni Msambweni
9 Bwiti Bwiti Lunga Lunga
10 Chigombero Chigombero Lunga Lunga
11 Mwambalazi Mwambalazi Lunga Lunga
12 Mshiu Mshiu Lunga Lunga
13 Galu Galu Msambweni
14 Kinondo Kinondo Msambweni
15 Makongeni Makongeni Msambweni
16 Gazi Gazi Msambweni
17 Consolata Kona Mtongwe Likoni
18 Jamvi la Wageni Jamvi la Wageni Likoni
19 Shika Adabu Shika Adabu Likoni
20 Likoni Kindunguni Likoni
21 Vijiweni Vijiweni Likoni
22 Puma Mtaa Wa Pwani Likoni


Community Health Units

The Ministry of Health in 2006 launched its Community Strategy, which aims to improve health status at the community level. This strategy provides for Community Health Workers (“CHW”) (One CHW per 20 households) to be trained to act as a link between their communities and the nearest health facility. CHWs within the same location are mobilised to form a Community Unit (“CU”). The CU is supported by a Community Health Extension Worker who acts as a link between the CUs, community and the county Ministry of Health. The CHWs are at the forefront in promoting basic community health.

community health

Through Base Titanium’s Community Health Programme 172 CHWs have been trained who cover 22 villages around the Kwale Mine and the Likoni port facility.

The CHWs are actively engaging their respective communities in various health issues such as improving sanitation and hygiene and promoting good health practice.

The programme is also closely coordinated with the Ministry of Health, the communities themselves and other relevant stakeholders.

Base Titanium currently supports 4 CUs with 209 CHWs covering 32 villages from the host site, mine site and the Likoni port facility area:

  • Magaoni CU (linked to Magaoni Health Centre); 65 CHWs covering Magaoni, Mwaloya, Majikuko, Madongoni, Bumamani, Vumbu, Fihoni, Mwaweche and Miembeni.
  • Mivumoni CU (linked to Mivumoni Catholic Dispensary); 39 CHWs covering Fingirika, Dzibwage, Kibwaga, Nguluku, Mivumoni A and Mivumoni B.
  • Kibuyuni CU (Linked to Likoni Sub-County Hospital); 68 CHWs covering Kibuyuni A, Kibuyuni B, Madongani, Bagaani, Migombani, Mtaa wa Pwani and Mbogoyani.
  • Jitahidi CU (linked to Bwiti Dispensary and in conjunction with Aga Khan University); 37 CHWs covering Mshiu, Mwangwei, Nguzo B, Nguzo C, Mwarustwa, Wasaa, Nkaphu, Makorokoroni, Nguzo A and Kanana.

Poultry Project

Base Titanium is undertaking a poultry trial in Madzikuko Village at the Community Buying Centre near the mine. The purpose is to introduce commercial poultry rearing techniques to local farmers as a livelihood improvement project.

It is being rolled out in partnership with Africa Eco Safaris (”AES”) and Kenya Bixa as with support from Business 4 Development (“B4D”) and the German development financial institution, DEG.

Two sheds have been built, a small one for training purposes and the larger one to run a commercial scale trial with capacity to hold up to 10,000 birds. The sheds are designed with feeding and watering equipment and incorporate industry standard biosecurity features.

Base Titanium and AES staff, together with 10 local farmers, undertook a Training of Trainers Course and, after the first trial, will train other local farmers interested in poultry production. Training was conducted with the assistance of experts from Kenya Bixa and the University of Sydney in Australia.

The first trial, incorporating 1,000 birds, runs to 12th June 2015 at an initial investment of Ksh 6.5 million.

Agricultural Programmes

Community Groups Training

Base Titanium aims to build relationships with the communities in which it operates by enriching their lives through active participation, by empowering them and by providing appropriate capacity building programmes to maximise sustainable economic benefits without creating dependency.

A measure of the success of these programmes is illustrated by this testimonial letter from one such group in Chigombero.

Community Economic Empowerment Training

Base Titanium entered into a service agreement with Dzarino Community Based Training Organisation in November 2014 to run an economic empowerment training programme for project affected community groups. The purpose is to equip communities with basic skills to help them to initiate business start-ups and undertake entrepreneurial activities to improve their livelihoods.

community groups training

The composition of the groups is diverse and includes youth, the elderly, men and women drawn from:

Group Village
Nuru Njema Women Group Zigira
Jefsi Youth Group Chigombero
Kuzamako Women Group Magaoni
Tumaini Self Help Group Chigombero
Bwiti Irrigation Group Bwiti
Mrima Bwiti Famers Group Bwiti
Zinduka Women Group Mshiu
Muungano Women Group Magaoni

Training programmes are based on the following 5 modules:

  • Group Management and Leadership Skills
  • Savings Management
  • Credit Management
  • Business and Financial Management
  • Income Generating Activities Skills

The training is delivered using methods that enable the participants to understand the information presented. A participatory approach has been adopted with the trainers making extensive use of stories, pictures, role plays, group exercises, discussions, presentations and brainstorming. This has already proven successful, particularly for the elderly and illiterate participants, with positive feedback received from the communities.

Village Savings and Loan Association Training

Dzumbe Limited is a Community Based Training Organisation in Kwale engaged to empower Community Health Workers ("CHW"), volunteers in the Community Units established through the Kwale County Ministry of Health. The focus of this training is to introduce them to the Village Savings and Loan Association (“VSLA”) savings model, which promotes a culture of savings, accessing small loans to support income generating projects and improving their livelihoods. The VSLA concept entails members voluntarily coming together to form saving groups. The savings are then invested in a loan fund from which members borrow and repay at a small interest. Savings are held over 9 to 12-month cycles after which each member receives their savings plus interest.

Dzumbe carried out VSLA training for Magaoni, Mivumoni, Kibuyuni Community Units and conducts monitoring and mentoring of the CHWs through the first savings cycle.



Likoni Beach Management Unit Maritime Training

As a community initiative geared towards improving livelihoods of Likoni residents, where the port facility is located, Base Titanium donated a fishing boat, named MV Base One, and gear worth Ksh 7 million to the Likoni Beach Management Unit (“BMU”). It also supports the BMU by facilitating access to maritime studies training at the Dar es Salaam Maritime Institute in Tanzania to enhance the group’s capacity to carry out its fishing activities in a safe and effective manner. A total of 45 members of the BMU will complete the programme at a cost of Ksh 6 million.