Community Projects and Livelihood Programmes

Base Titanium is committed to working with communities to improve living standards and provide livelihood opportunities.

The main aim is to deliver this through the implementation of a variety of community projects. With substantial amounts of funding going towards these projects, it is intended to be the engine room for community development that will outlast the life of the mine.

Agricultural and animal husbandry programmes play a major role in this objective and work is already underway in this regard.
b4d logo
Base engaged a specialist Australian consultant to look into improving agricultural productivity and diversity in Kwale. Business for Development (“B4D”) has an extensive track record of implementing such programmes in a number of countries.

Other projects include:

  • Supporting the Ministry of Health in the implementation of its Community Health Strategy which aims to improve the health status of Kenyan communities.
  • Working with local non-governmental and community based organisations in the area of enterprise development, such as Village Savings and Loans Association (“VSLA”) schemes for volunteer community health workers and enterprise development for youth and women’s groups.

The programmes have already impacted many parts of Kwale County, including the project host resettlement site, as well as the Likoni area in Mombasa County.

To read more about these initiatives, click on the interactive map below, which shows the geographical spread of our livelihood enhancement projects.

Map of the project area showing points of interest.
Special Mining Lease Port Facility Host Resettlement Site Kwale County Mombasa County Kwale County Kwale County Waa Bwiti Mrima Kiruku Ramisi Kikoneni Msambweni Gazi Vumbu Mivumoni Mafisini Kibwaga Fihoni Magaoni Mwaloya Mwapala Majimboni Ukunda Tiwi Kombani Matuga Kwale Shika Adabu Likoni Kinango Shimba Hills Indian Ocean

Potato Farming

In early 2014 Base Titanium introduced a new concept to Kwale farmers and set out to establish if potatoes could be successfully grown in the region. Through enormous efforts by local farmers under the guidance of agricultural specialists from Syngenta, B4D, Kwale County Government and DEG, the potato trials proved that good yields could be realised.

Progress in Kwale has not been without its challenges with farmers having to learn many new techniques, work hard preparing the fields for planting and then coping with weeds and a host of new crop pests. The result of all these efforts and this hard work is none the less outstanding. All can now be confident of potatoes being a valuable additional crop for Kwale farmers. Successful potato harvesting took place in October 2014 and the crops from these trial plots were distributed amongst the community. Work is now proceeding on commercialisation of this crop.

Agricultural Programmes

Cotton Farming

Cotton trials in 2014 were implemented to understand the economics of cotton farming in Kwale and to determine cotton lint quality, including measuring fibre strength and colour. Successful yields and excellent quality provide strong indication that this crop has the potential to become an important contributor to agricultural livelihoods in the region.

These results could not have been achieved without considerable input from our partners B4D, DEG, Syngenta and COMPACI, as well as the dedication and hard work of the farmers themselves.

See more on the Agricultural Programmes Update 2014

Agricultural Programmes

Sorghum Farming

Sorghum is a commercial crop sought after by breweries as a raw material for the production of keg beer.

Under our community agricultural programme, trials undertaken in 2016 demonstrated considerable potential for the crop, given suitable climatic and soil conditions in Kwale.

In 2017 planting was rolled out to the community, targeting more than 400 farmers over 600 acres across 3 sub-counties, which produced an initial harvest of more than 60 tonnes. Of this, 50 tonnes was sold to East Africa Breweries as a trial batch and the balance, along with cotton seed, soya and pulses, was used to produce affordable chicken feed for participants in our community poultry programme.

Following the successful trial, the farmers’ cooperative society, formed in 2015, entered into an agreement with the brewery to deliver 300 tonnes in 2017/18 season. The number of farmers participating in 2018 is set to rise to 550, planting over a significantly increased acreage.

In further support of this highly successful venture, Base Titanium has donated a threshing machine to mechanise separation of the grain from the plant material after harvesting.

Poultry Keeping

Base Titanium is undertaking a poultry trial in Madzikuko Village at the Community Buying Centre near the mine. The purpose is to introduce commercial poultry rearing techniques to local farmers as a livelihood improvement project.

It is being rolled out in partnership with Africa Eco Safaris (”AES”) and Kenya Bixa as with support from Business 4 Development (“B4D”) and the German development financial institution, DEG.

Two sheds have been built, a small one for training purposes and the larger one to run a commercial scale trial with capacity to hold up to 10,000 birds. The sheds are designed with feeding and watering equipment and incorporate industry standard biosecurity features.

Base Titanium and AES staff, together with 10 local farmers, undertook a Training of Trainers Course and, after the first trial, will train other local farmers interested in poultry production. Training was conducted with the assistance of experts from Kenya Bixa and the University of Sydney in Australia.

The first trial, incorporating 1,000 birds, runs to 12th June 2015 at an initial investment of Ksh 6.5 million.

Agricultural Programmes

Community Health Units

Base Titanium supports the Community Strategy, launched in 2006 by the Ministry of Health, which aims to improve health status at the community level.

The strategy provides for Community Health Volunteers (“CHV”), one per 20 households, to act as a link between their communities and the nearest health facility. CHVs within the same location are mobilised to form a Community Health Unit (“CHU”). The CU is supported by a Community Health Extension Worker who acts as a link between the CUs, community and the county Ministry of Health. The CHVs are at the forefront in promoting basic community health.

community health

The CHVs actively engage their respective communities on various health issues such as improving sanitation and hygiene and promoting good health practice. The programme is closely coordinated with the County Health Departments, the communities themselves and other relevant stakeholders.

Through this programme 241 CHVs have been trained covering 46 villages around the Kwale Mine, the Likoni port facility and the host resettlement site at Bwiti across 7 CHUs as follows:

  • Magaoni CHU (linked to Magaoni Health Centre); 21 CHVs covering 7 villages: Magaoni, Mwaloya, Majikuko, Bumamani, Vumbu, Mwaweche and Miembeni.
  • Mivumoni CHU (linked to Mivumoni Catholic Dispensary); 25 CHVs covering 6 villages: Fingirika, Dzibwage, Kibwaga, Nguluku, Mivumoni A and Mivumoni B.
  • Kibuyuni CHU (Linked to Likoni Sub-County Hospital); 68 CHVs covering 7 villages: Kibuyuni A, Kibuyuni B, Madongani, Bagaani, Migombani, Mtaa wa Pwani and Mbogoyani.
  • Jitahidi CHU (linked to Bwiti Dispensary and in conjunction with Aga Khan University); 47 CHVs covering 10 villages: Mshiu, Mwangwei, Nguzo B, Nguzo C, Mwarustwa, Wasaa, Nkaphu, Makorokoroni, Nguzo A and Kanana.
  • Mafisini CHU (linked to Mafisini Dispensary); 20 CHVs covering 6 villages: Mafisini A, Mafisini B, Kidiani, Mwachande, Magodi and Kidzumbani.
  • Gazi CHU (linked to Gazi Dispensary); 20 CHVs covering 3 villages: Fihoni, Gazi and Madongoni.
  • Kombani CHU (linked to Kombani Dispensary); 40 CHVs covering 7 villages: Bowa Matopeni, Minazini, Kombani Central, Chitsandze, Majengo Mapya, Kidzumu and Kitsakamata.

Community Groups Training

Base Titanium aims to build relationships with the communities in which it operates by enriching their lives through active participation, by empowering them and by providing appropriate capacity building programmes to maximise sustainable economic benefits without creating dependency.

A measure of the success of these programmes is illustrated by this testimonial letter from one such group in Chigombero.

Community Economic Empowerment Training

Base Titanium entered into a service agreement with Dzarino Community Based Training Organisation in November 2014 to run an economic empowerment training programme for project affected community groups. The purpose is to equip communities with basic skills to help them to initiate business start-ups and undertake entrepreneurial activities to improve their livelihoods.

Training programmes are based on the following 5 modules:

  • Group Management and Leadership Skills
  • Savings Management
  • Credit Management
  • Business and Financial Management
  • Income Generating Activities Skills

The training is delivered using methods that enable the participants to understand the information presented. A participatory approach has been adopted with the trainers making extensive use of stories, pictures, role plays, group exercises, discussions, presentations and brainstorming. This has already proven successful, particularly for the elderly and illiterate participants, with positive feedback received from the communities.

community groups training

The composition of the groups is diverse and includes youth, the elderly, men and women drawn from:

Group Village
Nuru Njema Women's Group Zigira
Jefsi Youth Group Chigombero
Kuzamako Women's Group Magaoni
Tumaini Self Help Group Chigombero
Bwiti Irrigation Group Bwiti
Mrima Bwiti Famers' Group Bwiti
Zinduka Women's Group Mshiu
Muungano Women's Group Magaoni
Vumba Women's Group Mtongwe
Mbuta Women's Group Mtongwe
New Port Youth Group Bofu
Pearl Women's Group Bofu
Mtaa wa Pwani Women's Group Bofu
Mnazini Youth Group Timbwani
Bin Walid Youth Group Timbwani
Top Ten Youth Group Timbwani
Giza Youth Group Likoni
Dodo Women's Group Shika Adaubu

Village Savings and Loan Association Training

Dzumbe Limited is a community based training organisation in Kwale engaged to empower Community Health Volunteers ("CHVs"), in the Community Health Units ("CHU") established through the Kwale County Health Department. The focus of this training is to introduce them to the Village Savings and Loan Association (“VSLA”) savings model, which promotes a culture of savings, accessing small loans to support income generating projects and improving their livelihoods. The VSLA concept entails members voluntarily coming together to form saving groups. The savings are then invested in a loan fund from which members borrow and repay at a small interest. Savings are held over 9 to 12-month cycles after which each member receives their savings plus interest.

Dzumbe carried out VSLA training for Magaoni, Mivumoni, Kibuyuni Community Units and conducted monitoring and mentoring of the CHVs through the first savings cycle in 2015. The VSLA groups have increased from 5 to 61 in September 2017, across the 7 CHUs. A total of 1,334 members, mainly women, now participate in weekly savings meetings. The CHVs have now taken over the role of training and supporting VSLA groups in their respective communities with Kibuyuni CHVs initiating supply of VSLA kits as one of their income generating activities.



Likoni Beach Management Unit Maritime Training

As a community initiative geared towards improving livelihoods of Likoni residents, where the port facility is located, Base Titanium donated a fishing boat, named MV Base One, and gear worth Ksh 7 million to the Likoni Beach Management Unit (“BMU”). It also supports the BMU by facilitating access to maritime studies training at the Dar es Salaam Maritime Institute in Tanzania to enhance the group’s capacity to carry out its fishing activities in a safe and effective manner. A total of 45 members of the BMU will complete the programme at a cost of Ksh 6 million.


Schools Sports Programme

Base Titanium supports education and life skills development through sports.

Life skills modules, directed towards promoting behavioural change and positive attitude through sports and environmental programmes, are provided to a number of primary schools.

Base Titanium runs a programme in 25 primary schools in Kwale County and Likoni Sub-County. The programme focuses on improving children’s performance through building life skills using the medium of sports and enjoyment and seeking to instill values through attitude shaping. These lessons include gender equality, teamwork, anti-bullying, respect, co-existence and environmental awareness, alongside games such as athletics, football, netball, volleyball and touch-rugby. This programme reaches out to approximately 13,000 pupils each week.

The programme is running in the following schools:

No. School Location Sub-County
1 Duncan Ndegwa Fingirika Msambweni
2 Mafisini Mafisini Msambweni
3 Magodi Magodi Msambweni
4 Mivumoni Mivumoni Msambweni
5 Mwapala Mwapala Msambweni
6 Mkwambani Mkwambani Msambweni
7 Zigira Zigira Msambweni
8 Magaoni Magaoni Msambweni
9 Galu Galu Msambweni
10 Kinondo Kinondo Msambweni
11 Makongeni Makongeni Msambweni
12 Gazi Gazi Msambweni
13 Bwiti Bwiti Lunga Lunga
14 Chigombero Chigombero Lunga Lunga
15 Mwambalazi Mwambalazi Lunga Lunga
16 Mshiu Mshiu Lunga Lunga
17 Consolata Kona Mtongwe Likoni
18 Jamvi la Wageni Jamvi la Wageni Likoni
19 Shika Adabu Shika Adabu Likoni
20 Likoni Kindunguni Likoni
21 Vijiweni Vijiweni Likoni
22 Puma Mtaa Wa Pwani Likoni
23 Mrima Mrima Likoni
24 Peleleza Peleleza Likoni
25 Vyemani Vyemani Likoni

Livelihood Programmes

Base Titanium is committed to working with communities to improve living standards and livelihood opportunities. The main aim is to deliver this through the implementation of a variety of community projects.